Crops

"On September 1, 1730 the earth opened in Timanfaya".

So begins the chronicle of the largest volcanic eruption that occurred in the Canary Islands in historic times and over 6 years was covered with lava and volcanic ash the most fertile plains of Lanzarote, changing the landscape and giving rise to what later viticultural landscape would be more impressive than you can imagine.



Volcanic ash (also called sand or lapilli) covering the fields retain gets little rain that falls, absorbing like a sponge and preventing the runoff is carried to the sea.

Let drain and reaches the topsoil where the plant roots and forms an insulating layer with the sun, thus preventing evaporation.

No organic richness, so you have to separate it and make holes for planting vines on earth rich in nutrients.

On the other hand, the trade winds that blow in spring and summer the leaves burn strongly protruding from the holes, so you have to put a semicircular low stone wall to protect them.



The thickness of the layer of ash or lapilli determines the depth and hole diameter and therefore the density of planting.

There are areas where the holes reaching up to 4 meters deep and 6 feet in diameter and where the spacing of the trees do not exceed 200 plants per hectare.

In any case in areas of higher density no more than 800 plants per hectare, which coupled with low rainfall makes the production range between 500 and 1,500 kg of grapes per hectare.

Low production, low rainfall, sunshine and century plants make grape winemaking lanzarote a real gem.


















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